Thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms in an artery or a vein. Clots that form in a vein are known as a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Clots that break off and travel to the lungs are known as a pulmonary embolism (PE). Blood clots occur in both children and adults, and can be provoked or unprovoked. They may be caused by genetic or environmental risk factors. Risk factors for thrombosis include:
- Extended hospitalization
- Immobility (not moving for long periods of time)
- Personal or family history of blood clots
- Estrogen-based contraceptives
- Alcohol intake
Signs and symptoms of a DVT include pain or tenderness in an extremity (often in the calf), swelling of an extremity, redness or noticeable discoloration, and warmth. Signs and symptoms of a PE include shortness of breath, fast breathing, chest pain, high heart rate, and passing out. DVT and PE are serious and life-threatening conditions treated with anti-coagulants, mechanical devices, and thrombolytic therapy. Some patients may need to be on lifelong medication if they have several risk factors and a history of DVT or PE.
Types of Clotting Disorders:
- Factor V Leiden
- Prothrombin Thrombophilia
- Protein C Deficiency
- Protein S Deficiency
- Antithrombin Deficiency
If you have a DVT or PE, or a family history that may predispose you to developing a clot, please call Mari Munoz, AA at (602) 933-0914 to schedule an appointment. Pediatric and adult patients are welcome.